Now let us examine why, at the time of the famine in 1845, the ownership of the land of Ireland, by the Irish, stood at 5 %, and while millions of rural Irish living in the southwest and northwest of the island, were subsisting only on the lowly lumper potato.
Most revisionist historians and the media commence the story of the Great Irish Hunger with the coming of the potato blight. Charles Trevelyan, the Dracula of the famine period, blamed the deaths on the laziness of the Irish character, John Mitchell on the British, and the victims on themselves.
When Ireland was conquered in 1169 by the Normans under Henry II, two distinct personalities, the direct opposite of each other went down the path of confrontation. The Celts on the island of Ireland had evolved as a creative, spiritual, and intellectual people. After their defeat and dispersal by the Romans in Europe they had settled in Ireland in isolation, to bring to fruition, during the First Golden Age,all of their ancient learning and laws.During the great monastic period, Ireland was known as the Island of Saints & Scholars - a beacon of light in a sea of darkness following the fall of the Roman Empire.
The Romans had conquered England in 55 BC and with their arrival brought with them Germanic soldiers Anglos and Saxons. When the Roman armieswithdrew to Europe. Their Germanic armies remained behind, and as Britain collapsed into tribal warfare, after the Roman departure, Norse kings, in order to secure their territories, brought over from Europe, Germanic mercenaries. All of this isthe basis of the word defining British roots -Anglo-Saxons.
Taking the diverse characteristics of the Celts and Anglo-Saxons, you can imagine that they were on a confrontation
In 1641 at the Battle of the Boyne in Co. Meath, the Catholic deposed King of England, James II, supported by the Irish, and French, was defeated by William of Orange (the origins of the Orangemen & the Marching Season which is being enacted in northern Ireland at this time). James II (a coward) fled to Europe and Patrick Sarsfield and the French General St.Ruth continued the good tight. St.Ruth was killed and with no French reinforcements on the horizon, Patrick Sarsfield negotiated the Treaty of Limerick in 1642. You can visit the Treaty Stone in Limerick on your next visit to Ireland.